A System of Systems (SoS) Approach to transforming to a low carbon resource-efficient energy system: Insights for the European Union (EU)
报告题目：A System of Systems (SoS) Approach to transforming to a low carbon resource-efficient energy system: Insights for the European Union (EU)
The world's energy sector is experiencing a serious transition from reliance on fossil fuel energy sources to extensive reliance on renewable energies. Europe is leading the way in this transition to a low carbon economy in an attempt to keep climate change below 2oC. Member States have committed themselves to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% and increasing the share of renewables in the EU's energy mix to 20% by 2020. The EU has now gone a step further with the objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% by 2050. Nevertheless, the short-term focus of the European Commission is at "cost-efficient ways" to cut its greenhouse gas emissions which forgoes the unintended impacts of a large expansion of low-carbon energy technologies on major natural resources such as water and land. This study uses the "System of Systems (SoS) Approach to Energy Sustainability Assessment" to evaluate the Relative Aggregate Footprint (RAF) of energy sources in different European Union (EU) member states. RAF reflects the overall resource-use efficiency of energy sources with respect to four criteria: carbon footprint, water footprint, land footprint, and economic cost. Weights are assigned to the four resource use efficiency criteria based on each member state's varying natural and economic resources to examine the changes in the desirability of energy sources based on regional resource availability conditions, and to help evaluating the overall resource use efficiency of the EU's energy portfolio. This presentation will highlight the resource efficiency of the EU's energy sector in order to assist in a sustainable transition to a low carbon economy in Europe.
Kaveh Madani is a Reader in Systems Analysis and Policy at the Centre for Environmental Policy of Imperial College London. His core research interests and experiences include integrated water, environmental, and energy resources engineering and management. He is one of the ten New Faces of Civil Engineering in 2012, one of the four recipients of the Arne Richter Award for Outstanding Young Scientists in 2016, and one of the five winner of the Walter Huber Civil Engineering Research Prize in 2017 for his fundamental contributions to integrating game theory and decision-analysis into water management models. Madani is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management and the Sustainable Cities and Society journal, and has held research and teaching positions at different institutions around the world, including University of Central Florida, UC Davis, UC Irvine, UC Riverside, California State University-Sacramento, Stockholm University, Lund University and K.N.Toosi University of Technology.
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